JACKSON AVW (1938) The brand new identity out-of Mani, the maker out-of Manichaeism

JACKSON AVW (1938) The brand new identity out-of Mani, the maker out-of Manichaeism

Though establish it’s as though the guy was in fact absent, and although alive it’s because if he were dead

Log of your American China Neighborhood 58: 235-forty. Going representations out of Mani or Manes, c. 216-276 Le, are chatted about, which have attention of one’s community indexed of the al-Nadim (composing c. 987 Ce) you to definitely Mani is lame in feet or perhaps in their right feet. You to definitely heritage might possibly be supported by retranslation from an expression in the brand new Pahlavi Denkart (step 3.two hundred, 1-13) (discover Dinkard, above), using the identity ‘broken’ otherwise ‘crippled’ to help you Mani (select less than, al-Nadim, Fihrist, pp. 773, 794).

Al-JAHIZ (Abu Othman Amr bin Bahr). Al-Barsan wal-Argan wal-Umyan wal-Hawlan [The fresh Lepers, the newest Lame, brand new Blind, while the Squinting], ed. Abdel-Salam Haroun (1998). Cairo. Al-Jahiz (776-868) try a prolific, important and you will significantly unappealing author having ‘goggle eyes’ (jahiz), from the Basra (today during the Iraq), whoever performs could have been far quoted along side Arab community. Right here, according to Michael Dols, the guy discussed “actual infirmities eg skin issues, lameness, paralysis, and you may deafness and private attributes eg hair loss, leanness, and ugliness.” His aim were to demonstrate that “actual infirmities and distinct features do not impede one regarding becoming a fully effective person in the fresh Muslim society or club your of important organizations. Al-Jahiz managed one to real problems are not personal stigmas but are what may be called signs of divine blessing or choose.” (Meters Dols, 1983, The latest leper within the Medieval Islamic people. Speculum 58: 891-916, with the p. 901) Despite his very own connection with negative social responses, al-Jahiz in another of his finest-recognized performs, ‘The Secret regarding Creation’, typed harshly regarding the societal aspects of deafness. Besides the deaf man or woman’s loss of tunes, “People are bored stiff inside the team in which he was an encumbrance on it. He or she is not able to listen to any of the man’s tales and you will discussions. ” (quoted because of the F. Haj, Impairment for the Antiquity, q.v., p. 159). A new commentator notes that “Al-Barsan wal-Argan. ” is considered the most tough functions by Jahiz, and its particular topic is virtually unique in historic Arabic books. (There doesn’t seem to be an enthusiastic English interpretation offered at present).

Look for next items

JAIN, Jagdish C (1947) Lifestyle within the Ancient India as Represented on the Jain Canons. Bombay: The brand new Publication Business. Disease and you can treatment, along with certain handicaps, regarding Jaina provide (pp. 178-81). People who have disabilities, as well as intellectual retardation, are excluded off signing up for spiritual sales (194). Pick Tattvartha Sutra, below; in addition to next one or two circumstances).

[JAINA Messages] Gaina Sutras interpreted regarding Prakrit, transl. Hermann Jacobi, dos vols, (1884 and you may 1895), SBE 22 & forty-five, Oxford: Clarendon. [The brand new SBE show used an enthusiastic italicised ‘G’ in lieu of ‘J’, for certain explanations. Here ‘Gaina’ might have been reinserted on normal alphabetical purchase getting comfort.] – The newest Akaranga Sutra (in vol. I), away from perhaps the fifth century Ce, provided classes to own a great holy and you will harmless lifetime. Disability and you can handicap arrive, e.g. “into the devastation of one’s thinking of one’s ear canal, attention, body organs regarding smelling, sampling, coming in contact with, men will get alert to new decline away from existence” (vol. I: p. 15) [Bk I (2) 1]. Fruit regarding incorrect serves when you look at the prior to lifetime was: “Comes and you can leprosy, consumption, dropping illness, loss of sight and you may firmness, lameness and humpbackedness, Dropsy and dumbness, search! apoplexy (?) and you will eye-disease, moving and crippledness, elephantiasis and you may all forms of diabetes, These represent the sixteen disorder enumerated during the due order; besides them of a lot ailments and you can injuries can be found.” (I: 54) [Bk I (6) step one.] But really best-minded individuals would be to take time to have fun with harmless terms and conditions whenever conference anyone with such as for example criteria. They “ought not to talk of them like this: ‘He has boils or leprosy, etcetera [incorporating the newest terms revealed significantly more than]; their hands was slash, or their foot, nose, ear canal, lip was slash.’ To have while the every these people, spoken to this kind of language, end up being enraged, and this, offered really, they need to not talk to all of them in such vocabulary.” (I: 152-53) [Bk II, (4) dos.] – The newest Uttaradhyayana Sutra (inside the Vol. II) in addition to cards disability having ageing, “If for example the body develops old, and your locks transforms white, the effectiveness of your own ears decrease”, furthermore with the attention, nostrils, tongue, touch (II: p. 44) [chapter X]. – Brand new Sutrakritanga Sutra (within the Vol. II) says from inside the passing the “blind-produced man” (p. 243), and you will “men which walk-on crutches” (p. 269). Monks hankering shortly after matrimony are informed of your awful disablement regarding that situation: being purchased about off start right until midnight because of the wife, and also the remaining nights calming newborns and you will washing the nappies (pp. 275-78). Monks exactly who be a part of sensual delights was promised nevertheless bad disquiet once they pass away; then they “will hiriМ‡stiМ‡yan bekar kadinlar be produced deaf-and-dumb, or blind [footnote: often blind of the delivery, otherwise certainly foolish otherwise unaware], or dumb because of the delivery.” (p. 363; similar to the pp. 367, 430) [Bk 2 (2); and 2 (7)].